Of special importance in this context are theories of the policy process, especially new institutionalism and network analysis. The research project is very much interested in problem-solving. The research project intends to highlight inefficiences of the process of Europeanisation and difficulties when it comes to legitimise the new realities in Central and Eastern Europe.
It identifies specific national conflicts and ways to overcome these conflicts. Based on empirical research in the three countries investigated here strategic conclusions are drawn which will enable other accession countries, too, to cope with the regional challenge of Europeanisation. Sponsored by: Volkswagen Foundation Research period: Euro Roland Sturm Responsible , Dr.
Roman Szul University of Warsaw. Abstract : The principal aim of the project is to describe the traditional core executives and their networks and processes, as well as their responses to the various challenges. More especially, the project will focus on the policy ambitions of the core executives which have been triggerd by challenges, as well as on their political and institutional capacity to translate policy ambitions into co-ordinated programmes.
Four main sectors will be studied: European Union policymaking, budget-making, immigration and public sector reform including privatisation. Roland Sturm and Markus M. The project will concentrate largely on the initiation, agenda-setting and formulation phases of policymaking in which core executives have been involved, and will look at the implementation and evaluation phase of programmes, only to the extent that there exists clear feedback of implementation and evaluation actors upon the programmes formally adopted.
Jack E. Advisor: Prof. Roland Sturm. Austerity is a hotly debated topic within the social sciences.
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It cannot be reduced to spending cuts, but has to be understood as a complex social phenomenon with consequences for mental health and well-being, social equality, politics and everyday life. Although the relevance of austerity is without doubt, the meanings that are attached to it diverge dramatically. Whereas supports argue that austerity is a rational recipe for indebted societies to achieve fiscal sustainability and economic growth, critics see in austerity a dangerous neoliberal idea that threatens human growth.
As social reality is always mediated, media play a central role within the struggle between different evaluations and constructions of austerity. Not only language, but also images play an important role within this genre. But despite radical social constructivists assertions, an analysis of austerity cannot be reduced to the form of texts and images alone. On the contrary, we have to think about the role of material conditions as well because they to a large extent help us to understand the forces behind semiotic forms.
By incorporating the material social psychology of Erich Fromm as well as the work on multimodality, CPE shall be developed further so that an elaborated corpus assisted critical realist discourse analysis enables a deeper understanding of austerity in the United Kingdom in the period between and Please visit my personal website for more information about this project. Up until now, the Bundesrat committees are a German constitutional body that has been largely neglected by both media and science.
This is surprising since the committees play an integral part in the proceedings within the Bundesrat. The main task of the committees hereby consists of preparing decisions for the Bundesrat plenary which due to its workload usually only plays a notarial role. The goal of this thesis therefore is to shed light on the working methods in the Bundesrat committees. By doing so, it is determined whether the voting behavior can be characterized by party conflict or by other motives.
Moreover, it is common for those civil servants to remain responsible for the committees for many years. By conducting interviews, further insights into the work of this group of people are gained. The term Third Way refers to a political strategy aimed at recalibrating the programmatic objectives, policy instruments and traditional core values of Social Democracy.
It was created in direct response to both the socio-economic challenges imposed by globalisation and the political rise of the New Right. On the policy level, the concept of the Third Way tries to reconcile right-wing economic and left-wing social policies by advocating a varying synthesis of Keynesianism and Neoliberalism. This provokes the research questions: Why was the Third Way given up?
In order to explain the reasons for the rejection of the Third Way, the modernisation processes of New Labour and the Neue Mitte are compared and analysed in the context of a strategy-based party change. Therefore, the theoretical framework sets out internal, external and policy-related factors that determine success and failure of intentional party change.
The guiding hypotheses is: The programmatic, political and strategic rejection of the Third Way is in both cases the result of a complex interaction between lack of internal legitimacy, conceptual policy-failures and the loss of electoral competitiveness.
- MPICC Person: Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. mult. Ulrich Sieber.
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- Ride to Raton (The Owen Family Saga Book 4).
The empirical part of the research project is based on guided expert interviews with political actors and academics from Germany and the UK who were directly involved or have profound expertise in the conceptual planning and political implementation of the Third Way. Since the majority fraction in the Bavarian Parliament has shown efforts to withdraw this change of the local electoral system for the reason, that local party systems have fragmented increasingly, which may cause the local parliaments to malfunction.
This dissertation will research these both questions: How fragmented are the local parliaments in Bavaria in fact? How is the structure of local politics and of local decision-making processes in Bavaria and last what malfunctions as a consequence of fragmentation are thinkable? A structural analysis of the local party systems should answer the first research question about the fragmentation.
This analysis will show the development of the most important characteristics of party systems since the local election in until the latest election in In this analysis there will be a focus on the impact of the electoral system reform with the change of the seats allocation method. The second research question should be answered by an empirical survey, asking mayors and members of local parliaments in Bavaria how they evaluate current local politics and fragmentation.
The aim of this dissertation is to analyze the changes in the Spanish party system from until by developing a method to extract issue positions from electoral programs and to analyze the changes these undergo across time depending on the degree of political competition. The method is deductive and departs from the assumption that the primary function of political parties is not to form government, but to represent particular issues. This assumption is combined with assumptions about the expected behavior of parties gleaned from the party system change literature.
Although the period under investigation ranges from to , especially the later period also permits the analysis of the impact of the emergence of new parties on party behavior. Critical infrastructure is of paramount importance for the economic competitiveness, national security, and societal quality of life in industrialized countries.
As a consequence, threats from cyber warfare to physical attacks abound. This dissertation aims at operationalizing the effectiveness and efficiency of protective measures and processes for hardening critical infrastructure. Case studies and attack scenarios from two critical infrastructure sectors — maritime supply chains and chemical manufacturing — in Germany and the United States form the basis of this analysis.
Microeconomic theoretical models are employed to develop a toolbox of quantitative and qualitative indicators for measuring how effectively German and U. A particular focus for this task rests on the minimization of potential security-relevant market failures such as interdependencies and security externalities. The efficiency of critical infrastructure protection is subsequently evaluated based on cost-benefit-analyses. These provide indications for cost-neutral or benefit-generating homeland security investments.
Quantitative benefits are calculated based on the minimization of potential human losses and economic cost of a number of attack scenarios on critical infrastructure — both from the physical security and the cyber security threat spectrum. Within its jurisdiction the German Federal Constitutional Court has the power to affect fundamental questions of political and social life. The judges of the Federal Constitutional Court have tremendous power and strive for the nimbus of impartiality and objectivity.
In the case of the U. This dissertation is discussing those factors of influence, makes a choice of possibly relevant factors for the Federal Constitutional Court, identifies further internal and external factors, which could be relevant for the specific context of the Federal Constitutional Court, and analyzes them empirically. The dissertation project overcomes this empirical deficit by shifting the attention from the plenary sessions to the committees.
Moreover, as the committees carry the main burden of substantive work in the Bundesrat, the complexity of its decision-making becomes more apparent in their procedures than in plenary decisions, which are of rather notarial character. It is the goal to trace decision-making both within the committees and from the committees to the plenary sessions and thus to explain the positioning of the Bundesrat in German policy towards Europe.
Kenneth Carty. However a series of defeats on the federal level weakened the Liberal Party since In the Liberal Party did not win enough votes to form the Official Opposition and played only a marginalized role. Notwithstanding the Liberal Party of Canada was reelected in the federal election of with its leader Justin Trudeau being the 23 rd prime minister of Canada, it is interesting to analyze the reasons for its former loss of influence. The loss of dominance of a political party in the national party system is an interesting and relevant research object in comparative politics leading to the research question of my ongoing doctoral thesis: Why did the Liberal Party of Canada loose its dominant position?
In my thesis I will try to figure out the reasons for the loss of dominance, to weight them with regard to their significance and so far as it is possible to create a general explanatory model for the loss of party dominance. I will use a mixed methods design consisting of expert interviews and statistical secondary analysis.
Because I assume the explanation to be multifactorial, the causes will be subdivided in long-term structural and short-term situative causes. Questions for the analysis on a structural level are for instance the influence of the Canadian electoral system or the influence of value change in Canada. Situative influencing factors to be analyzed are for instance the candidates and leaders of the Liberal Party and political scandals. One problem of the analysis is the classification of the factors. Interacting factors have to be considered as do the difficulty that structural factors can have an external dimension e.
These circumstances have to be taken into account to allow for a comprehensive evaluation of the reasons and the conjunction of circumstances having led to the loss of dominance of the Liberal Party of Canada. The evaluation should be safeguarded by a statistical secondary analysis. Regionalization is presented as one of the most important reform projects of Morocco, dominating the official discourse and permeating many sectors of state politics as well as the international perception of the country. How does the reform process then contribute to regime persistence as principal target of authoritarian regimes?
What is its real impact on governance, regional elite composition, and legitimation strategies?
Both scenarios are representing a definition of the national economic collaboration and more specific the relationship von State and Economy. Those are the Power of banks, the strengths of the trade unions, Corporate co-determination, as well as specific qualities like long-term decision horizon from Company leaderships. The traditional model — respectively its single pillars — face s drastic challenges behind the internationalized and globalized Economy.
Within the Economy, the big corporations are the crucial stakeholders as they pursue Internationalization very strongly and vice versa are affected by it at similar levels. The discipline of Political Sciences needs to define the term as Corporate Constitution and in broader sense as Constitution for the Economy, a system which defines the rules of relationship between the State and the Economy. Klaus Brummer Konfliktbearbeitung durch internationale Organisationen. Strukturen, Prozesse und Outputerfolge auf gesamt- und einzelstaatlicher Ebene.
Alexander Niedermeier Europa: Anarchie oder Sicherheitsgemeinschaft?